The colored glass used in arts to decorate the windows and making several other objects is known as stained glass. If the stain looks like a flower designed on the glass then they are known as stained glass flowers. Various types of metallic oxides are added to the glass in its molten form to make colored stained glass through which light can pass. These stained glasses are used to make a variety of decorative and ornamental windows like flower stained glass windows etc.
In stained-glass windows, the glasses of single color were rarely used to exploit the properties of the light transmitted through them as human eyes are adaptive to the lights of different colors. The flowers stained glass made in the 12th and 13th centuries can never be exceeded and equaled because the techniques used by glassmakers for over 50 years were very advanced. In the Middle Ages, later on, these advanced techniques have helped in making refined and delicate items of glass decor. But these makers of stained glass have to compete with natural versions created by the easel and wall painters.
However, the assembly of grooved strips of painted stained glass can never become an essential part of the art. In traditional Islamic architecture leaded windows were replaced by wooden and other types of windows for a long time. In the 20th century, slab glass, concrete, and stained glass suncatchers as well as various past masonry techniques were used in Islamic architecture.
Principles and elements of design
It was difficult to make stained glass due to its structural demands and the factors that adjust the light. Still, flower stained glass windows were very popular as no other art form on glass was as popular as that of stained glass. Many types of physical changes were made in making stained glass suncatchers to control the intensity of light at different locations including forest to grassy land and from prison to a greenhouse. Moreover, to maintain the orientation in all the glowing environments several instant changes were made in the designs and techniques of making stained glasses.
The artists working on stained glass have to take care of the brightness of the light coming through the openings of these windows to provide the right level of light to the users. The reason behind it was that in the interior of the church in the 12th and 13th centuries the light coming in through stained glass windows was very harsh and bright. To make these windows suncatchers the artists had used rich and deep colors while making pieces of stained glass decor.
Later on, instead of stained glass flowers, people started using clear glass painted and decorated with a grey colored opaque fine mesh due to economic and cultural reasons because they softened the light effectively. Shortly after that to allow the light to come into the church the walls of churches were opened up. It illuminated the saturated and dense blues and rubies of the past as there was an insignificant difference between the level of exterior and interior light.